Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis (AECB) Indications | Suprax

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INDICATION

  • SUPRAX® (cefixime) is a cephalosporin antibacterial drug indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with the following infections when caused by susceptible isolates of the designated bacteria: Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections; Otitis Media; Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis; Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis; Uncomplicated Gonorrhea (cervical/urethral).

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

SUPRAX should only be used to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • SUPRAX (cefixime) is contraindicated in patients with known allergy to cefixime or other cephalosporins.
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Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis (AECB)
Clinical Response
  

SUPRAX® delivers efficacy for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (AECB)

Achieved a high rate of clinical responsea

In the treatment of AECB due to community-acquired bacterial infection (N=47)1,b



a Complete resolution of pre-treatment signs and symptoms or improvement in signs and symptoms without complete resolution. b From a multicenter US study.

  

Clinical Success Rate
  

High clinical success rate2,c

In a study in adults with AECB (N=48)





c Cure defined as complete abatement of symptoms with no evidence of fever or sputum production at follow-up; improvement defined as substantial improvement of symptoms and no deterioration during or after treatment, but with incomplete resolution of evidence of infection; failure defined as no response to treatment or clinical improvement followed by deterioration during or after treatment.



  

Origin of AECB
  
  

Because AECB are often bacterial in origin2,4

  • 40% to 60% of AECB are associated with bacterial infection3

  
  

1. Neu HC, Chick. Efficacy and safety of clarithromycin compared to cefixime as outpatient treatment of lower respiratory infections. Chest. 1993;104(5);1393-1399. 2. Verghese A, Roberson D, Kalbfleisch JH, Sarubbi F. Randomized comparative study of cefixime versus cephalexin in acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother.1990;34(6):1041-1044. 3. Sethi S. Infectious etiology of acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Chest. 2000;117(5)[Suppl]:380S-385S. 4. Sethi S, Evans N, Grant BJB, Murphy TF. New strains of bacteria and exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. N Engl J Med. 2002; 346(7):465-471.



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INDICATION

  • SUPRAX® (cefixime) is a cephalosporin antibacterial drug indicated in the treatment of adults and pediatric patients six months of age or older with the following infections when caused by susceptible isolates of the designated bacteria: Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections; Otitis Media; Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis; Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Bronchitis; Uncomplicated Gonorrhea (cervical/urethral).

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION


SUPRAX should only be used to treat infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.


CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • SUPRAX (cefixime) is contraindicated in patients with known allergy to cefixime or other cephalosporins.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Hypersensitivity reaction: Anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions (including shock and fatalities) have been reported with the use of cefixime. Before therapy with SUPRAX is instituted, careful inquiry should be made to determine whether the patient has had previous hypersensitivity reactions to cephalosporins, penicillins, or other drugs. Discontinue use if a reaction occurs.
  • Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea: Evaluate if diarrhea occurs.
  • Dose Adjustment in Renal Impairment: The dose of SUPRAX should be adjusted in patients with renal impairment and those undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis.
  • Coagulation Effects: Cephalosporins, including SUPRAX, may be associated with a fall in prothrombin activity. Prothrombin time should be monitored in patients at risk and exogenous vitamin K administered as indicated.
  • Phenylketonurics: SUPRAX Chewable Tablets contain aspartame, a source of phenylalanine.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

  • Most common adverse reactions are gastrointestinal such as diarrhea (16%), loose or frequent stools (6%), abdominal pain (3%), nausea (7%), dyspepsia (3%), and flatulence (4%).
  • Adverse reactions during postmarketing experience occurred at rates of less than 2%. Some serious adverse reactions included: pseudomembranous colitis, hypersensitivity reactions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and serum sickness, acute renal failure, seizures, agranulocytosis, and toxic epidermal necrolysis.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Elevated carbamazepine levels have been reported in postmarketing experience when cefixime is administered concomitantly.
  • Increased prothrombin time, with or without clinical bleeding, has been reported when cefixime is administered concomitantly with warfarin and anticoagulants.
  • A false positive reaction for ketones and glucose in urine may occur with certain test kits. A false positive direct Coombs test has also been reported.

USE IN SPECIAL POPULATIONS

  • Efficacy and safety in infants aged less than six months have not been established.
  • Cefixime should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.
  • Consideration should be given to discontinuing nursing temporarily during treatment with cefixime.

Please note this information is not comprehensive. Please visit www.supraxrx.com for full Prescribing Information.


You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088, or contact Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-800-399-2561.